Franco-German cooperation on civil security research projects

The cooperation between Germany and France is not only about improving civil security in the two countries themselves - it is also intended to help schieve a high level of security in Europe. The joint research projects aim to contribute to efforts to provide protection against terrorism, organised crime, natural disasters and major accidents.

Kooperation in der zivilen Sicherheitsforschung zwischen deutschen und französischen Projektpartnern

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Ongoing research projects:

BERCOM: Blueprint for pan-European resilient critical infrastructures based on LTE-communications

Die zentrale Steuerung dezentraler Energieerzeuger via Mobilfunktechnik erhöht die Versorgungssicherheit der Bürgerinnen und Bürger.

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Funding codes 13N13736 to 13N13743

A reliable energy supply is one of the key factors in ensuring civil security and a functioning economy. With energy and communication infrastructures becoming increasingly interlinked, the BERCOM project aims to reduce the risk of energy infrastructure failure by establishing a secure additional mobile telephone network. The idea is that this additional network will be reserved for operators of critical infrastructure and integrated into the existing communication infrastructure. This will enable, for example, local energy generation facilities to be controlled centrally. It will also be possible to reconstruct the pre-failure system status when a failure occurs.

BERCOM project outline (pdf) (only available in German)

   

ResiWater: Innovative, secure sensor networks and model-based assessment tools for increased resilience of water infrastructures

Wasserverteilungsnetze sind lebenswichtige Infrastrukturen, die resilient gestaltet und im Störfall sicher betrieben werden müssen.

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Funding codes 13N13687 to 13N13690

Drinking water distribution systems are critical infrastructure facilities. They are highly complex and dependent on other infrastructures. The potential hazards they face include accidental or deliberate contamination, natural disasters, terrorist attacks and power supply failure. The aim, therefore, is to enable operators of water utilities to ensure an optimum drinking water supply even in out-of-the-ordinary situations. A further aim is to accelerate the return to normal operation following a crisis. To this end, the team is investigating possible critical situations and which sensors could be used and interconnected in order to determine water quality even more reliably and quickly.

ResiWater project outline (pdf) (only available in German) 

   

Completed joint projects:

ActiFind: System for trace detection of alpha particles in water networks: from direct detection in the liquid phase to identification

Sauberes Trinkwasser ist eine wichtige Lebensgrundlage.

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Funding codes  13N12226 to 13N12228

As drinking water is one of our most essential foodstuffs, it is important that water supply networks be constantly protected against contamination and the real possibility of targeted attacks. The objective of the ActiFind research project was to develop a portable sensor and measurement system with which traces of radioactive substances (actinides) can be detected in drinking water quickly and right where they occur. Current methods would require several days to prepare and measure such samples in the laboratory.

More information (only available in German)

  

   

   

    

    

ANCHORS: UAV - Assisted Ad Hoc Networks for Crisis Management and Hostile Environment Sensing

Szenario: ANCHORS unterstützt den Einsatz bei einem Chemieunfall.

TU Dortmund

Funding codes 13N12203 to 13N12210

Large-scale disasters, which usually result in (communication) infrastructure being destroyed too, pose tremendous challenges for emergency services. The ANCHORS project therefore pursued two objectives, designed to significantly raise the efficiency of crisis management measures. Sensor-equipped robots are sent in from a safe distance to measure, for example, temperature and concentrations of hazardous substances in the soil and air. This information enables the operation to be planned and carried out in a way that ensures maximum safety for emergency service workers.

More information (only available in German) 

    

CODISP: Prevention and knowledge transfer

Polizeiarbeit und zivilgesellschaftliche Präventionsnetzwerke sollen durch CODISP in engem Austausch stehen.

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Funding code 13N12199

At the local level, and especially within conurbations, the situation on the ground is becoming increasingly complex – both generally and with regard to security – as different values and cultures clash. In response, police forces conduct preventive activities, primarily in local networks and projects. In France and Germany alike, there is a need to explore how this new knowledge, which sits somewhere between preventive social work and conventional policing, can be harnessed to provide maximum security for the public.

More information (only available in German)

   

DSS_Evac_Logistic: Decision support system for large-scale evacuation logistics

Evakuierungen dürfen nicht durch Staus behindert werden.

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Funding codes 13N12229 and 13N12230

Natural disasters, such as floods, or accidents that cause large amounts of toxic gases to be released can result in large-scale evacuations of members of the public in the regions concerned. Evacuations pose a huge challenge for authorities and emergency services as large numbers of people have to leave their homes and relocate for several days. Those in charge have to make extremely quick, far-reaching decisions to ensure public security. The goal of the Franco-German “DSS_Evac_Logistic” project is to devise a decision support system for regional evacuations. It will help decision-makers make appropriate evacuation decisions both while preparing for disasters and in acute crises.

More information (only available in German)

    

    

     

GEFREASE: Reliable on-site detection of biohazards

Die Feuerwehr Leipzig bei der Vor-Ort-Detektion von Gefahrstoffen.

Bruker Daltonik GmbH

Funding codes 13N12222 and 13N12223

In suspected cases of hazard substances of biological origin (such as toxins, bacteria or viruses), immediate action is required. For emergency services to be able to take the right action, they need to find out quickly which hazardous substance is involved. The Franco-German GEFREASE project produced a portable device for detecting hazardous substances on site. It also worked on a method for identifying substances in a sample quickly. The project partners thus made an important contribution to the improvement and standardisation of measuring technology for detecting hazardous substances.

More information (only available in German)

    

INPOSEC: Integrated postal security

INPOSEC trägt dazu bei, Lieferketten im Postverkehr sicherer zu machen.

Deutsche Post AG

Funding codes  13N12298 to 13N12300

Letters and parcels are important forms of communication and transport – both for business and for the public. However, as revealed by spectacular one-off incidents, such as the explosive found in a printer cartridge in a parcel, postal services can be abused for criminal purposes. The goal of the Franco-German INPOSEC project was to formulate a comprehensive security management strategy to further enhance the protection provided to stop illegal goods and hazardous substances finding their way into international postal supply chains.

More information (only available in German)

   

REHSTRAIN: Resilience of the Franco-German high-speed train network

Die Sicherheit des Eisenbahn-Hochgeschwindigkeitsverkehrs steht im Fokus des Projektes REHSTRAIN.

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Funding codes 13N13786 to 13N13790

Between 2007 and 2014, more than 10 million passengers travelled by train between Germany and France on the ICE or TGV route. Based on the scenario of a terrorist threat, the partners on the REHSTRAIN project were seeking to explore the vulnerability of the Franco-German high-speed train network. The aim was to facilitate better protection of systemically relevant points of the rail network since this network is part of the critical infrastructure. Comprehensive measures for improving system resilience were also being developed. The findings would be incorporated into a decision support system for operators.

More information (only available in German)

   

SafeCoat: Fabrics for self-decontaminating personal protection

Anwendungsszenario: selbstdekontaminierender Individualschutz ziviler Rettungskräfte

Blücher GmbH

Funding codes 13N12486, 13N12490 and 13N12491

Emergency service workers can be exposed both to extreme heat and to chemical hazards. As breathable protective suits can retain harmful substances, the SafeCoat joint project is looking to create a material with an additional decontamination layer that can degrade hazardous organic substances. This will enable the suits to be used for longer and significantly reduce the risk of emergency service personnel being exposed to contamination.

More information (only available in German)

    

SAFEST: Social-Area Framework for Early Security Triggers at Airports

Im Verbundprojekt SAFEST wird untersucht, wie die Sicherheit in stark frequentierten öffentlichen Infrastrukturen erhöht werden kann.

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Funding codes 13N12235 to 13N12239

Public infrastructures present a major challenge in terms of civil security. First, there is the need to evacuate large groups of people (in stadiums or airports, for instance) in an orderly manner in the event of a threat. And second, unauthorised access to security-critical areas must be detected immediately. With this in mind, the Franco-German project SAFEST conducted research on a comprehensive risk detection and crisis management system for security in heavily frequented areas of critical transport infrastructure, using an airport as an example. The solution was intended to help detect risks and inform passengers and visitors of evacuation measures via mobile devices.

More information (only available in German)

    

Smart OnlineWDN: Online security management toolkit for drinking water distribution networks

Trinkwasser ist unser wichtigstes Lebensmittel.

iStockphoto.com / Eray Haciosmanoglu

Funding codes  13N12178 to 13N12181

Drinking water is one of our most essential foodstuffs. Water distribution networks are regularly inspected in order to identify potential risks to the public at an early stage and to initiate any necessary countermeasures to keep drinking water safe. The objective of the Smart OnlineWDN research project was to develop a toolkit with which to determine the best locations for the highly efficient sensors used to monitor water distribution networks. This approach was chosen because swift identification of contaminants in the distribution network is key to ensuring countermeasures are taken quickly. The aim was to combine this system with conventional water quality parameters in order to facilitate reliable, real-time alarm generation.

More information (only available in German)